This happens when scammers get victims to click on links that allow malware onto computers, giving scammers access to victims’ private information and accounts.
These links are sent via emails, or can appear on websites as ads.
Other job scams might require victims to recruit other persons, without actually selling any goods or providing any identifiable services, all resulting in the victim doing the scammer a favour without getting any returns.
In an even more serious turn of events, scammers can lure victims into secluded or poorly guarded areas and then abduct them and use them for in illicit trades (eg, gun, drugs, sex), or even take their lives.
They will use sad stories to solicit money and other valuables from others under false pretence, often basing their story on a recent news item or a very topical issue.
Do not send any money or personal information to the scammers.
Report the scam immediately to the police or relevant authorities, and remember: if you win a competition, you should not have to pay to collect your prize; and you cannot win a prize in a competition you have not entered.
Another way of scamming persons is by promising them medical benefits that traditional treatments do not give.
Often, victims end up paying for something they do not get, or giving money to a cause that ends up going into the scammer’s personal coffers.