"Designed to reduce what the US perceived as an imported problem, the deportations actually spread US gang culture to Central America and made existing gang phenomena more virulent."Arnson said that consistent low-economic growth, coupled with birth rates and the deportations from the US, means the economies of Central America have been unable to find a place for many of its young people."Ability to emigrate to the US has been a safety valve, especially for a country like El Salvador, but to a lesser extent for Guatemala and Honduras," Arnson said.
"Without the ability to export its population there will be increased pressure on their governments."A researcher at the Migration Policy Institute, Doris Meissner, said that many immigrants who fled those civil wars ended up creating a positive result for their original communities, in the form of remittances.
by the United Nations Refugee Agency for a report released last July.
The children all had attempted to enter the US unaccompanied in 2013.
After being apprehended by US immigration authorities, the 15-year-old was interviewed by the United Nations Refugee Agency."I am here because the gang threatened me.In El Salvador they take young girls, rape them and throw them in plastic bags."Gang members reportedly told Maritza's uncle the day she would be kidnapped.She went on to say that she had previously thought of going to the US to reunite with her mother. Andrea and Maritza were disposable pawns in a drug-fueled gang war set in one of the most violent parts of the world.The violence has now forced tens of thousands of children to undertake a dangerous voyage through Mexico to the US border.Experts interviewed by Al Jazeera said that the crisis' deep roots will not be addressed by the current proposals under debate in Washington.